Stability of tropical forest tree carbon-water relations in a rainfall exclusion treatment through shifts in effective water uptake depth

Pivovaroff, Alexandria L., McDowell, Nate G., Rodrigues, Tayana Barrozo, Brodribb, Tim, Cernusak, Lucas A., Choat, Brendan, Grossiord, Charlotte, Ishida, Yoko, Jardine, Kolby J., Laurance, Susan, Leff, Riley, Li, Weibin, Liddell, Michael, Mackay, D. Scott, Pacheco, Heather, Peters, Jennifer, de J. Sampaio Filho, Israel, Souza, Daisy C., Wang, Wenzhi, Zhang, Peipei, and Chambers, Jeff (2021) Stability of tropical forest tree carbon-water relations in a rainfall exclusion treatment through shifts in effective water uptake depth. Global Change Biology, 27. pp. 6454-6466.

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Abstract

Increasing severity and frequency of drought is predicted for large portions of the terrestrial biosphere, with major impacts already documented in wet tropical forests. Using a 4-year rainfall exclusion experiment in the Daintree Rainforest in northeast Australia, we examined canopy tree responses to reduced precipitation and soil water availability by quantifying seasonal changes in plant hydraulic and carbon traits for 11 tree species between control and drought treatments. Even with reduced soil volumetric water content in the upper 1 m of soil in the drought treatment, we found no significant difference between treatments for predawn and midday leaf water potential, photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, foliar stable carbon isotope composition, leaf mass per area, turgor loss point, xylem vessel anatomy, or leaf and stem nonstructural carbohydrates. While empirical measurements of aboveground traits revealed homeostatic maintenance of plant water status and traits in response to reduced soil moisture, modeled belowground dynamics revealed that trees in the drought treatment shifted the depth from which water was acquired to deeper soil layers. These findings reveal that belowground acclimation of tree water uptake depth may buffer tropical rainforests from more severe droughts that may arise in future with climate change.

Item ID: 70597
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1365-2486
Keywords: drought, gas exchange, nonstructural carbohydrates, plant hydraulics, process model, rainfall exclusion, rooting depth, turgor loss point, water potentials, wet tropical forest
Copyright Information: © John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC DP130104092, ARC FT130101319
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2021 04:58
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3108 Plant biology > 310806 Plant physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280102 Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences @ 100%
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