Environmental impacts — coastal ecosystems

Bakker, Jan P., Baas, Andreas C.W., Bartholdy, Jesper, Jones, Laurence, Ruessink, Gerben, Temmerman, Stijn, and van de Pol, Martijn (2016) Environmental impacts — coastal ecosystems. In: Quante, Markus, and Colijn, Franciscus, (eds.) North Sea Region Climate Change Assessment. Springer Nature, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 275-314.

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Abstract

This chapter examines the impacts of climate change on the natural coastal ecosystems in the North Sea region. These comprise sandy shores and dunes and salt marshes in estuaries and along the coast. The chapter starts by describing the characteristic geomorphological features of these systems and the importance of sediment transport. Consideration is then given to the role of bioengineering organisms in feedback relationships with substrate, how changes in physical conditions such as embankments affect coastal systems, and the effects of livestock. The effects of climate change—principally accelerated sea-level rise, and changes in the wind climate, temperature and precipitation—on these factors affecting coastal ecosystems are then discussed. Although the focus of this chapter is on the interaction of abiotic conditions and the vegetation, the potential impacts of climate change on the distribution of plant species and on birds breeding in salt marshes is also addressed. Climate impacts on birds, mammals and fish species are covered in other chapters.

Item ID: 69662
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-3-319-39743-6
ISSN: 1862-0248
Copyright Information: © The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016. This book is published open access. Open Access. This book is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide alink to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.The images or other third party material in this book are included in the work’s Creative Commons license, unlessindicated otherwise in the credit line; if such material is not included in the work’s Creative Commons license and therespective action is not permitted by statutory regulation, users will need to obtain permission from the license holderto duplicate, adapt or reproduce the material.The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, service marks, etc. in this publication does notimply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant protective laws andregulations and therefore free for general use.The publisher, the authors and the editors are safe to assume that the advice and information in this book are believedto be true and accurate at the date of publication. Neither the publisher nor the authors or the editors give a warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein or for any errors or omissions that may have been made.
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2021 23:31
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4101 Climate change impacts and adaptation > 410102 Ecological impacts of climate change and ecological adaptation @ 100%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1802 Coastal and estuarine systems and management > 180201 Assessment and management of coastal and estuarine ecosystems @ 100%
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