Associations between openness facets, prejudice, and tolerance: a scoping review with meta-analysis

Ng, D.X., Lin, Patrick K.F., Marsh, Nigel V., Chan, K.Q., and Ramsay, Jonathan E. (2021) Associations between openness facets, prejudice, and tolerance: a scoping review with meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 12. 707652.

PDF (Version of Record) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (2MB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website:


The personality factor of openness to experience, which encompasses curiosity, imagination, and a desire for new experiences, has been associated negatively with prejudice and positively with the closely related value of tolerance. While these relationships have been reviewed at the factor level, there has been no review of research at the lower facet level. This review aims to uncover the relationships between the facets of openness and the constructs of prejudice and tolerance. We conducted a preregistered scoping review with meta-analysis following the recommended guidelines from Joanna Briggs Institute. A total of 2,349 articles were reviewed, with 16 primary research articles (or 17 studies) meeting the criteria for inclusion. Aggregated effect sizes via random-effect meta-analysis revealed that all revised neuroticism-extraversion-openness personality inventory (NEO-PI-R) and international personality item pool (IPIP)-based facets of openness significantly predicted prejudice and tolerance. Out of the three measures [i.e., NEO-PI-R, IPIP-NEO, and honesty-humility, emotionality, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience personality inventory (HEXACO-PI), and the facets of openness examined], the NEO-PI-R facet of value was most strongly associated with prejudice. In contrast, the NEO-PI-R facet of aesthetics was the facet most strongly associated with tolerance. However, these results should be treated as preliminary in light of the small number of meta-analyzed studies and more primary research studies are needed to confirm the trends found in this review. This review represents the first step in the systematic investigation of the link between the facets of openness and components of prejudice and tolerance and contributes toward explaining prejudice and tolerance.

Item ID: 69560
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1664-1078
Keywords: openness to experience; prejudice; tolerance; attitudes; personality; trait; facet
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2021 Ng, Lin, Marsh, Chan and Ramsay. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2021 03:50
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5205 Social and personality psychology > 520503 Personality and individual differences @ 50%
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5205 Social and personality psychology > 520505 Social psychology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 23 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 2301 Community services > 230111 Multicultural services @ 25%
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280121 Expanding knowledge in psychology @ 50%
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280123 Expanding knowledge in human society @ 25%
Downloads: Total: 852
Last 12 Months: 149
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page