Combatting ischemia reperfusion injury from resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) using adenosine, lidocaine and magnesium: a pilot study

Conner, Jeff, Lammers, Daniel, Holtestaul, Torbjorg, Jones, Ian, Kuckelman, John, Letson, Hayley, Dobson, Geoffrey, Eckert, Matthew, and Bingham, Jason (2021) Combatting ischemia reperfusion injury from resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) using adenosine, lidocaine and magnesium: a pilot study. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 91 (6). pp. 995-1001.

[img] PDF (Author Accepted Manuscript) - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 31 December 2022.

[img] PDF (Publisher Accepted Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000003...
 
9


Abstract

Background: REBOA, a minimally invasive alternative to resuscitative thoracotomy, has been associated with significant ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI). Resuscitation strategies utilizing adenosine, lidocaine, and magnesium (ALM) have been shown to mitigate similar inflammatory responses in hemorrhagic and septic shock models. This study examined the effects of ALM on REBOA-associated IRI using a porcine model.

Methods: Animals underwent a 20% controlled hemorrhage followed by 30 minutes of supraceliac balloon occlusion. They were assigned to one of four groups: control (n = 5), 4 hour ALM infusion starting at occlusion, 2 hour (n = 5) and 4 hour (n = 5) interventional ALM infusions starting at reperfusion. ALM cohorts received a post hemorrhage ALM bolus followed by their respective ALM infusion. Primary outcomes for the study assessed physiologic and hemodynamic parameters.

Results: ALM infusion after reperfusion cohorts demonstrated a significant improvement in lactate, base deficit, and pH in the first hour following systemic reperfusion. At study endpoint, continuous ALM infusion initiated after reperfusion over 4 hours resulted in an overall improved lactate clearance when compared to the 2-hour and control cohorts. No differences in hemodynamic parameters were noted between ALM cohorts and controls.

Conclusion: ALM may prove beneficial in mitigating the inflammatory response seen from REBOA-associated IRI as evidenced by physiologic improvements early during resuscitation. Despite this, further refinement should be sought to optimize treatment strategies.

Study Type: Animal Study, pre-clinical

Level of Evidence: N/A Animal Study

Item ID: 69512
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2163-0763
Keywords: Adenosine, Lidocaine, Magnesium, REBOA, Noncompressible truncal hemorrhage, Ischemia, reperfusion
Copyright Information: © 2021 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
Funders: Zoll Foundation, Geneva Foundation
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2022 03:17
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320207 Emergency medicine @ 50%
32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320299 Clinical sciences not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200105 Treatment of human diseases and conditions @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 9
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page