Neuromorphic context-dependent learning framework with fault-tolerant spike routing

Yang, Shuangming, Wang, Jiang, Deng, Bin, Rahimi Azghadi, Mostafa, and Linares-Barranco, Bernabe (2021) Neuromorphic context-dependent learning framework with fault-tolerant spike routing. IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems. (In Press)

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Abstract

Neuromorphic computing is a promising technology that realizes computation based on event-based spiking neural networks (SNNs). However, fault-tolerant on-chip learning remains a challenge in neuromorphic systems. This study presents the first scalable neuromorphic fault-tolerant context-dependent learning (FCL) hardware framework. We show how this system can learn associations between stimulation and response in two context-dependent learning tasks from experimental neuroscience, despite possible faults in the hardware nodes. Furthermore, we demonstrate how our novel fault-tolerant neuromorphic spike routing scheme can avoid multiple fault nodes successfully and can enhance the maximum throughput of the neuromorphic network by 0.9%-16.1% in comparison with previous studies. By utilizing the real-time computational capabilities and multiple-fault-tolerant property of the proposed system, the neuronal mechanisms underlying the spiking activities of neuromorphic networks can be readily explored. In addition, the proposed system can be applied in real-time learning and decision-making applications, brain-machine integration, and the investigation of brain cognition during learning.

Item ID: 68691
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2162-2388
Keywords: Neuromorphics; Neurons; Fault tolerant systems; Fault tolerance; Task analysis; Context modeling; Brain modeling
Copyright Information: © 2021 IEEE. Personal use is permitted, but republication/redistribution requires IEEE permission.
Funders: National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (CPDSF)
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2021 21:22
FoR Codes: 46 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 4611 Machine learning > 461104 Neural networks @ 100%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280110 Expanding knowledge in engineering @ 100%
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