Relationships between social interactions, basic psychological needs, and wellbeing during the COVID-19 pandemic

Dimmock, James, Krause, Amanda E., Rebar, Amanda, and Jackson, Ben (2022) Relationships between social interactions, basic psychological needs, and wellbeing during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychology & Health, 37 (4). pp. 457-469.

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Objective: Social lockdowns associated with COVID-19 have led individuals to increasingly rely on video conferencing and other technology-based interactions to fulfil social needs. The extent to which these interactions, as well as traditional face-to-face interactions, satisfied psychological needs and supported wellbeing during different periods of the COVID-19 pandemic is yet to be elucidated. In this study, university students’ social interactions (both technology-based and face-to-face), psychological needs, and wellbeing were assessed at six time points across four months of government-enforced restrictions in Australia.

Design: Repeated survey assessment.

Main outcome measures: Basic psychological need satisfaction; general wellbeing.

Results: Results demonstrated that, at the within-subjects level, relatedness satisfaction (feeling understood by, cared for, and connected to others) significantly mediated the relationship between technology-based interaction and wellbeing. Autonomy satisfaction (self-initiation and feeling ownership over decisions and behaviours) mediated the relationship between face-to-face interactions and wellbeing at the within-person level.

Conclusion: Discussion is centred on the importance of technology-based interactions for needs satisfaction and wellbeing during periods of social isolation.

Item ID: 68059
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1476-8321
Keywords: technology; communication; social interaction, basic psychological needs; self-determination theory; covid-19; pandemic
Copyright Information: Published Version: © 2021 Informa UK limited, trading as Taylor & Francis group. Accepted version may be made open access under a CC BY-NC license after a 12 month embargo.
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2021 01:13
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5205 Social and personality psychology > 520505 Social psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280121 Expanding knowledge in psychology @ 100%
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