Loudness perceptions influence feelings of interpersonal closeness and protect against detrimental psychological effects of social exclusion

Wang, Deming, Ziano, Ignazio, Hagger, Martin S., and Chatzisarantis, Nikos L. D. (2021) Loudness perceptions influence feelings of interpersonal closeness and protect against detrimental psychological effects of social exclusion. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. (In Press)

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Abstract

We propose that perceptions of auditory loudness and interpersonal closeness are bidirectionally related. Across 12 experiments (total N = 2219; 10 preregistered; with Singaporean, British, U.S. American, Indian, and Australian participants), we demonstrated that louder audio made people feel physically (Study 1a) and socially (Study 1b) closer to others, presumably because of loudness activates interpersonal closeness-related concepts implicitly (Studies 1c, 1d). This loudness-interpersonal closeness effect was observed across diverse samples (Studies 2a, 3a, S1), for longer listening intervals (Study 2b), and in natural settings (Studies 3a, 3b). Conversely, individuals made to feel socially excluded rated their surroundings as quieter (Study 4). Furthermore, following social exclusion, individuals showed a preference for louder volume (Study 5). Finally, exposure to loud stimuli mitigated detrimental psychological effects of social exclusion (Study 6). Theoretical implications for the social cognition of loudness, social exclusion and compensatory strategies, and practical implications for ameliorating loneliness are discussed.

Item ID: 67795
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1552-7433
Keywords: auditory loudness, interpersonal closeness, physical proximity, social proximity, social exclusion
Copyright Information: © 2021 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc. In accordance with the publisher's policies, the Author Accepted Manuscript (AAM) of this paper is available Open Access via ResearchOnline@JCU.
Research Data: https://osf.io/vm8h3/?view_only=8c46bdb495924594a9ee3b304c6ad029
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2021 05:35
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5205 Social and personality psychology > 520505 Social psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280121 Expanding knowledge in psychology @ 100%
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