Beyond spider personality: the relationships between behavioral, physiological, and environmental factors

Hernandez Duran, Linda, Wilson, David Thomas, Briffa, Mark, and Rymer, Tasmin Lee (2021) Beyond spider personality: the relationships between behavioral, physiological, and environmental factors. Ecology and Evolution, 11 (7). pp. 2974-2989.

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Spiders are useful models for testing different hypotheses and methodologies relating to animal personality and behavioral syndromes because they show a range of behavioral types and unique physiological traits (e.g., silk and venom) that are not observed in many other animals. These characteristics allow for a unique understanding of how physiology, behavioral plasticity, and personality interact across different contexts to affect spider's individual fitness and survival. However, the relative effect of extrinsic factors on physiological traits (silk, venom, and neurohormones) that play an important role in spider survival, and which may impact personality, has received less attention. The goal of this review is to explore how the environment, experience, ontogeny, and physiology interact to affect spider personality types across different contexts. We highlight physiological traits, such as neurohormones, and unique spider biochemical weapons, namely silks and venoms, to explore how the use of these traits might, or might not, be constrained or limited by particular behavioral types. We argue that, to develop a comprehensive understanding of the flexibility and persistence of specific behavioral types in spiders, it is necessary to incorporate these underlying mechanisms into a synthesized whole, alongside other extrinsic and intrinsic factors.

Item ID: 67604
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2045-7758
Keywords: behavioural plasticity; behavioural type; environment; experience; ontogeny; venoms
Copyright Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.© 2021 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2021 23:45
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3109 Zoology > 310913 Invertebrate biology @ 30%
31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3109 Zoology > 310901 Animal behaviour @ 70%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280102 Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences @ 100%
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