Influence of exercise and fasting on blood parameters in juvenile green turtles (Chelonia mydas): implications for health assessments

March, D., Ariel, E., Blyde, D., Christidis, L., and Kelaher, B. P. (2021) Influence of exercise and fasting on blood parameters in juvenile green turtles (Chelonia mydas): implications for health assessments. Comparative Exercise Physiology, 17 (2). pp. 181-187.

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Abstract

This study investigated the influence of exercise and fasting state on haematologic and biochemical parameters in juvenile green turtles (Chelonia mydas). Animals were divided into two groups; one group was fasted for 72 h and one group was fed 1 h prior to exercise. Exercise was induced by repeated righting reflexes and blood values were measured prior to and post-exercise. Prior to exercise, fasted animals showed significantly decreased levels of urea, pH, PVCO2 and (Formula presented) and significant increases in Cl− and PVO2 compared to fed animals and fasted animals had significantly poorer exercise performance. Following exercise both fasted and fed animals had significant increases in Na+, K+, Cl−, PVCO2, PVO2, urea and lactate and significant decreases in pH and (Formula presented). The magnitude of increase in lactate levels was significantly less in fasted animals. Prior to exercise, a significant correlation was calculated in fasted animals between pH and (Formula presented). Following exercise, significant correlations were calculated in fed animals between pH and (Formula presented), PVCO2 and lactate, and between pH and (Formula presented) in fasted animals. These results show that analytical method, fasting state and the physiologic changes induced during the intense exercise can affect haematologic and biochemical analytes and these factors should be considered when interpreting results from health assessment of wild animals.

Item ID: 66970
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1755-2559
Keywords: acidosis, anaerobic, lactate, physiology
Copyright Information: © 2020 Wageningen Academic Publishers
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2021 00:14
FoR Codes: 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3009 Veterinary sciences > 300902 Veterinary anatomy and physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1802 Coastal and estuarine systems and management > 180201 Assessment and management of coastal and estuarine ecosystems @ 100%
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