Loneliness and its associated risk factors among in-school adolescents in Tanzania: cross-sectional analyses of the global school-based health survey data

Amu, Hubert, Seidu, Abdul-Aziz, Agbemavi, Wonder, Ahinkorah, Bright Opoku, Ameyaw, Edward Kwabena, Amoah, Abigail, Dadzie, Louis Kobina, and Kissah-Korsah, Kwaku (2020) Loneliness and its associated risk factors among in-school adolescents in Tanzania: cross-sectional analyses of the global school-based health survey data. Psychological Studies, 65 (4). pp. 536-542.

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Abstract

Though considered a normal part of adolescent development, loneliness is a mental state that can result in considerable psychological distress. We examined the prevalence and risk factors for loneliness among in-school adolescents in Tanzania. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of 2,449 in-school adolescents from Tanzania using data from the 2017 Global School-Based Health Survey. Frequencies, percentages, Chi-square, and binary logistic regression were used in analysing the data. The prevalence of loneliness was 17.4%. Adolescents in forms 1 and 2 were more likely to be lonely than those in grade 6–7. Adolescents who experienced hunger and anxiety, used tobacco, were truant, and engaged in a physical fight had higher risks of being lonely. The prevalence of loneliness among in-school adolescents in Tanzania is quite high. As a mental state, the drastic long-term effects of loneliness on its victims make it imperative for stakeholders in Tanzania’s health industry to plan and implement pragmatic innovative social support programmes and counselling support units in schools. This can ensure the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goal 3.4 target of improving mental health by the year 2030.

Item ID: 66602
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0974-9861
Keywords: Adolescents, In-school, Loneliness, Mental health, Prevalence, Risk factors, Tanzania
Copyright Information: © National Academy of Psychology (NAOP) India 2020
Date Deposited: 13 May 2021 23:19
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520101 Child and adolescent development @ 35%
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520102 Educational psychology @ 30%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420606 Social determinants of health @ 35%
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