Impact of virtual reality interventions on haemodialysis patients: a scoping review

Omonaiye, Olumuyiwa, Smyth, Wendy, and Nagle, Cate (2021) Impact of virtual reality interventions on haemodialysis patients: a scoping review. Journal of Renal Care, 47 (3). pp. 193-207.

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Background: An understanding of the potential of virtual reality to affect the level of engagement in self‐care and health‐related quality of life is required for patients receiving haemodialysis.

Objective: This scoping review aimed to collate, summarise, and report on related study findings to identify evidence gaps and draw conclusions from the existing literature.

Methods: The methodological steps outlined in the Arksey and O'Malley framework combined with modifications of Levac and colleagues guided this systematic scoping review. MEDLINEComplete, Embase, CINAHLComplete and PsychINFO databases were searched. Additionally, hand searches of key articles and journals were performed.

Results: From the database searches, 610 studies were identified with 11 meeting the inclusion criteria; another study was added after searching reference lists of included articles, resulting in 12 included articles. The quality, study design and type of virtual reality intervention varied. Only three studies used immersive virtual reality. Several studies demonstrated significant improvement in the physical activity level and a reduction in fatigue in patients during haemodialysis, with no adverse events. Despite the demands of haemodialysis sessions, this study showed that virtual reality interventions may improve the level of haemodialysis patients' adherence and engagement with treatment.

Conclusions: Findings favour the use of virtual reality to improve physical health and engagement with treatment. However, there is a need for more rigorous study designs within different clinical settings to provide high‐quality evidence regarding other ways that virtual reality interventions could improve the quality of life of haemodialysis patients.

Item ID: 66231
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1755-6686
Keywords: haemodialysis, health‐related quality of life, kidney disease, virtual reality
Copyright Information: © 2021 European Dialysis & Transplant Nurses Association/European Renal Care Association
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2021 00:38
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4205 Nursing > 420599 Nursing not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200199 Clinical health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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