The Good Enough Parenting early intervention schema therapy based program: participant experience

Louis, John Philip, Ortiz, Vida, Barlas, Joanna, Lee, Joyce Sue, Lockwood, George, Chong, Wayne Freeman, McDonald Louis, Karen, and Sim, Patricia (2021) The Good Enough Parenting early intervention schema therapy based program: participant experience. PLoS ONE, 16 (1). 0-0.

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Background and objectives

Schema therapy (ST) has become a mainstream therapy for the treatment of psychopathology and has been validated through a series of large scale, international randomized control trials. Among other things, schema therapy emphasizes the meeting of core emotional needs in children by primary caregivers as these unmet needs continue to adversely affect their lives into adulthood. An early intervention parenting program has been developed to help parents meet these core emotional needs in order to prevent the development of psychopathology in the first place. The program, Good Enough Parenting, is equally focused on reducing problems and strengthening parenting practices, regardless of where the child is on the “disordered to well-being continuum”. This study aims to explore “patient experience” by users of this program. Best clinical research guidelines advocate that participants should be used as collaborators rather than pure recipients; this process should predate large scale trials.


An exploratory qualitative study with 55 parent-participants of Good Enough Parenting was conducted.


One-to-one interviews were conducted with participants, using critical incident technique and guided by semi-structured interview schedule, to explore their experiences with the program. Transcripts were then analyzed using thematic analysis.


Coding showed a high degree of inter-rater reliability (kappa value of 0.78). The themes that emerged were Cultivating Awareness of Parents’ Own Schemas, Cultivating Intentionality, Working through Developmental Issues, Responses to Challenges at Home, Performing Multiple Roles, and the Learning Process. Participants overwhelmingly reported satisfaction within these key themes.


The results support the development of the program and the choice of “participant reported outcome measures” for use in subsequent randomized controlled trials.

Item ID: 65786
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1932-6203
Keywords: good enough parenting; early intervention; schema therapy; participant experience
Copyright Information: © 2021 Louis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2021 04:42
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5205 Social and personality psychology > 520505 Social psychology @ 50%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4203 Health services and systems > 420313 Mental health services @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health @ 100%
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