An aptamer-based drug delivery agent (CD133-apt-Dox) selectively and effectively kills liver cancer stem-like cells

Zhou, Gang, Da Won Bae, Sarah, Nguyen, Romario, Huo, Xiaoqi, Han, Shuanglin, Zhang, Zhiqiang, Hebbard, Lionel, Duan, Wei, Eslam, Mohammed, Liddle, Christopher, Yuen, Lawrence, Lam, Vincent, Qiao, Liang, and George, Jacob (2021) An aptamer-based drug delivery agent (CD133-apt-Dox) selectively and effectively kills liver cancer stem-like cells. Cancer Letters, 501. pp. 124-132.

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Abstract

Liver cancer has no effective therapies, hence a poor survival. Cancer stem-like cells not only contribute to cancer initiation and progression, but also to drug resistance, cancer metastasis, and eventually treatment failure. Hence, any approaches that can effectively kill cancer stem-like cells hold a great potential for cancer treatment. CD133 is a robust marker for liver cancer stem-like cells. We developed a specific aptamer against CD133 (CD133-apt), and then loaded this aptamer with an anticancer drug doxorubicin (CD133-apt-Dox). The efficacy of CD133-apt-Dox in targeting liver cancer stem-like cells and its overall effect in treating liver cancer were investigated using multiple in vitro and in vivo studies including in patients-derived liver cancer organoids. We have observed that CD133-apt could preferably delivered doxorubicin to CD133-expressing cells with efficient drug accumulation and retention. CD133-apt-Dox impaired the self-renewal capacity of liver cancer stem-like cells and attenuated their stem-ness phenotypes in vitro or in vivo. CD133-apt-Dox significantly inhibited the growth of liver cancer cells and patients-derived organoids and reduced the growth of xenograft tumours in nude mice inhibited the growth of DEN-induced liver cancer in immunocompetent mice. Hence, aptamer-mediated targeting of CD133 is a highly promising approach for liver cancer therapy.

Item ID: 65484
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-7980
Keywords: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), Aptamer, Cancer stem-like cells, CD133, Therapeutic targeting
Copyright Information: © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Funders: New South Wales Cancer Council (NSWCC), Robert W. Storr Bequest to the Sydney Medical Foundation, University of Sydney (US), National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
Projects and Grants: NSWCC APP1145008, NSWCC APP1070076, NHMRC grant APP1053206, NHMRC grant APP1149976, NHRMC grant APP1107178, NHRMC grant APP1108422
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2021 04:05
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3211 Oncology and carcinogenesis > 321111 Solid tumours @ 50%
32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3211 Oncology and carcinogenesis > 321101 Cancer cell biology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920102 Cancer and Related Disorders @ 100%
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