Exercise-related factors that influence post-exercise energy intake: a psychological perspective

Beer, Natalya J., Dimmock, James A., Jackson, Ben, and Guelfi, Kym J. (2020) Exercise-related factors that influence post-exercise energy intake: a psychological perspective. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 23 (11). pp. 1068-1073.

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Objectives: Exercise confers numerous health benefits; however, unhealthy, or excessive food and drink consumption post-exercise may counteract at least some of these benefits. There is emerging evidence that certain exercise-related factors, including the psychological experiences associated with different forms of exercise motivation, may influence post-exercise energy intake. Questions remain, though, about the optimal exercise characteristics that may reduce overconsumption of food/drink post-exercise.

Design: Narrative review.

Methods: In this narrative review, we overview the developing body of literature linking the psychological experiences in exercise with subsequent energy intake, focusing first on the relationship between exercise motivation and food consumption, and then on practical strategies which may be utilised to promote healthier post-exercise food choices.

Results: Preliminary evidence suggests that psychological experiences associated with high-quality autonomous motivation for exercise may reduce subsequent energy intake. Exercise factors (both psychological and physiological in nature) that have been shown to influence post-exercise energy consumption may interact, resulting in synergistic or antagonistic effects on subsequent food and drink consumption, through mechanisms which have not been considered previously.

Conclusions: Exercise experiences may be shaped to promote healthier subsequent eating behaviours and future work is encouraged to enable researchers to identify combinations of exercise conditions and experiences that have the strongest influence on post-exercise food and drink consumption.

Item ID: 65298
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1878-1861
Keywords: Appetite, Food intake, Compensation, Exercise, motivation
Copyright Information: © 2020 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2020 01:07
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520107 Sport and exercise psychology @ 50%
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5203 Clinical and health psychology > 520304 Health psychology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920411 Nutrition @ 50%
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