Psychometric properties of measures of sociocultural influence and internalization of appearance ideals across eight countries

Rodgers, Rachel F., Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew, Markey, Charlotte, Granero-Gallegos, Antonio, Sicilia, Alvaro, Caltabiano, Marie, Blackburns, Marie-Eve, Hayami-Chisuwa, Naomi, Strodl, Esben, Aimé, Annie, Dion, Jacinthe, Lo Coco, Gianluca, Gullo, Salvatore, McCabe, Marita, Mellor, David, Castelnuovo, Gianluca, Probst, Michel, Manzoni, Gianmauro, Begin, Catherine, Pietrabissa, Giada, Alcaraz-Ibánez, Manuel, He, Qiqiang, and Maïano, Christophe (2020) Psychometric properties of measures of sociocultural influence and internalization of appearance ideals across eight countries. Body Image, 35. pp. 300-315.

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Abstract

The aim of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of two well-established measures of sociocultural influence and internalization of the thin/low body fat ideal and muscular ideal.Data from 6272 emerging adults (68.9 % female), aged 18–30 years from Australia, Belgium, Canada,China, Italy, Japan, Spain, and the U.S. were included in this study. Participants completed measures of pressure from mother, fathers, peers, and media, to both increase muscles and lose weight, as well as internalization of the thin/low body fat ideal and muscular ideal. Overall, support for partial invariance was found across the scales. In addition, group level differences were found between countries as well as along demographic factors including gender, age, body mass index, and socioeconomic status. These findings make an important contribution by identifying these scales as useful tools that will support future cross-country and cross-cultural examinations of explanatory models of the development of bodyimage and eating concerns grounded within sociocultural theories.

Item ID: 65189
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-6807
Keywords: sociocultural influence, pressures, body image, internalization
Copyright Information: © 2020 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2020 19:57
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520108 Testing, assessment and psychometrics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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