Understanding non-compliance in small-scale fisheries: shark fishing in Myanmar's Myeik Archipelago

MacKeracher, Tracy, Mizrahi, Me'ira, Bergseth, Brock, Chit Maung, Khin May, Khine, Zin Lin, Phyu, Ei Thal, Simpfendorfer, Colin A., and Diedrich, Amy (2021) Understanding non-compliance in small-scale fisheries: shark fishing in Myanmar's Myeik Archipelago. Ambio, 50. pp. 572-585.

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Abstract

Achieving fisheries compliance is challenging in contexts where enforcement capacity is limited and the incentives for rule-breaking are strong. This challenge is exemplified in Myanmar, where an active shark fishery exists despite a nationwide ban on targeted shark fishing. We used the Kipling method (5W1H) to gather a complete story of non-compliance in five small-scale fishing communities in the Myeik Archipelago. Among 144 fishers surveyed, 49% were aware of the nationwide ban. Shark fishers (24%) tended to be younger individuals who did not own a boat and perceived shark fishing to be prevalent. Compliant fishers were motivated by a fear of sharks and lack of capacity (equipment, knowledge), whereas food and income were cited as key motivations for non-compliance. The results of our study emphasize that in resource-dependent communities, improving compliance for effective shark conservation may require addressing broader issues of poverty, food security and the lack of alternatives.

Item ID: 64873
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1654-7209
Keywords: compliance, livelihoods, shark conservation, shark fishing, small-scale fisheries
Copyright Information: © Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2020.
Funders: Shark Conservation Fund
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2020 19:45
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410401 Conservation and biodiversity @ 40%
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4499 Other human society > 449901 Studies of Asian society @ 20%
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4407 Policy and administration > 440704 Environment policy @ 40%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960799 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards not elsewhere classified @ 40%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 40%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9699 Other Environment > 969999 Environment not elsewhere classified @ 20%
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