Seagrass restoration is possible: insights and lessons from Australia and New Zealand

Tan, Yi Mei, Dalby, Oliver, Kendrick, Gary A., Statton, John, Sinclair, Elizabeth A., Fraser, Matthew W., Macreadie, Peter I., Gillies, Chris L., Coleman, Rhys, Waycott, Michelle, van Dijk, Kor-Jent, Vergés, Adriana, Ross, Jeff D., Campbell, Marnie L., Matheson, Fleur E., Jackson, Emma L., Irving, Andrew D., Govers, Laura, Connolly, Rod M., McLeod, Ian M., Rasheed, Michael A., Kirkman, Hugh, Flindt, Morgens R., Lange, Troels, Miller, Adam D,, and Sherman, Craig D.H. (2020) Seagrass restoration is possible: insights and lessons from Australia and New Zealand. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7. 617.

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Abstract

Seagrasses are important marine ecosystems situated throughout the world's coastlines. They are facing declines around the world due to global and local threats such as rising ocean temperatures, coastal development and pollution from sewage outfalls and agriculture. Efforts have been made to reduce seagrass loss through reducing local and regional stressors, and through active restoration. Seagrass restoration is a rapidly maturing discipline, but improved restoration practices are needed to enhance the success of future programs. Major gaps in knowledge remain, however, prior research efforts have provided valuable insights into factors influencing the outcomes of restoration and there are now several examples of successful large-scale restoration programs. A variety of tools and techniques have recently been developed that will improve the efficiency, cost effectiveness, and scalability of restoration programs. This review describes several restoration successes in Australia and New Zealand, with a focus on emerging techniques for restoration, key considerations for future programs, and highlights the benefits of increased collaboration, Traditional Owner (First Nation) and stakeholder engagement. Combined, these lessons and emerging approaches show that seagrass restoration is possible, and efforts should be directed at upscaling seagrass restoration into the future. This is critical for the future conservation of this important ecosystem and the ecological and coastal communities they support.

Item ID: 64539
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2296-7745
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2020 Tan, Dalby, Kendrick, Statton, Sinclair, Fraser, Macreadie, Gillies, Coleman, Waycott, van Dijk, Vergés, Ross, Campbell, Matheson, Jackson, Irving, Govers, Connolly, McLeod, Rasheed, Kirkman, Flindt, Lange, Miller and Sherman. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Funders: National Environmental Science Programme (NESP), Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: NESP Marine Biodiversity Hub, ARC DP180100668
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2020 00:37
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management @ 40%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 20%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050207 Environmental Rehabilitation (excl Bioremediation) @ 40%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960503 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Coastal and Estuarine Environments @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9612 Rehabilitation of Degraded Environments > 961201 Rehabilitation of Degraded Coastal and Estuarine Environments @ 50%
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