How old was he? Disguises, age, and race impact upon age estimation accuracy

Thorley, Craig (2021) How old was he? Disguises, age, and race impact upon age estimation accuracy. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 35 (2). pp. 460-472.

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There are many situations in which a person must accurately estimate a stranger's age. For example, a salesperson must accurately estimate the age of a stranger who wishes to purchase age-restricted goods. Information from a stranger’s eyes and hair can indicate their likely age. Here, two experiments examined whether adult participants' accuracy when estimating strangers' ages is reduced when the strangers' eyes are disguised by sunglasses and/or hair is disguised by a hat. The strangers' age and race also varied, and participants' social contact with the other age/race groups measured. At best, estimations of undisguised strangers’ ages were inaccurate by an average of 5.10 years. Accuracy decreased when the strangers' eyes, but not hair, were disguised and when they came from other age/race groups. Accuracy when estimating other age/race group members' ages and social contact with their members were unrelated. The theoretical and applied implications of these findings are discussed.

Item ID: 64384
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1099-0720
Keywords: age estimation, own-age bias, own-race bias, eyewitness memory, social contact
Copyright Information: Published Version: © 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Accepted Version may be made open access after a 12 month embargo.
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2020 23:35
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520103 Forensic psychology @ 60%
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5205 Social and personality psychology > 520505 Social psychology @ 40%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 100%
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