Contextualized music listening: playlists and the Mehrabian and Russell model

Krause, Amanda E., and North, Adrian C. (2014) Contextualized music listening: playlists and the Mehrabian and Russell model. Psychology of Well-Being, 4. 22.

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The present research considered everyday music listening in the context of eight situations, classified as high or low on Mehrabian and Russell’s (1974) PleasureArousal-Dominance (PAD) dimensions. Completing a questionnaire, 344 participants considered the music they would select and created a playlist for a given situation. The music selected by participants (as playlists) for these eight situations differed along two dimensions, namely arousing and aesthetic. Rather than selecting music that would moderate arousal (Berlyne, 1971), results indicated that participants employed an arousal-optimization strategy. There were also differences in the music selected across situations on the aesthetic dimension. The findings also suggest that music chosen for situations is subject to injunctive norms, such that there was considerable variation between the music chosen for listening to on public transport or when washing dishes, whereas music selected for a wedding was perceived as more homogeneous. While previous research has considered music preference in terms of pleasure and arousal, the apparent role of injunctive norms may be related to dominance and requires additional research. More generally, the results indicate that Mehrabian and Russell’s PAD dimensions offer a useful framework for considering the relationship between music and the environmental context in which it is experienced.

Item ID: 64285
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2211-1522
Keywords: Playlists; Contextualized listening; Music preference; Everyday; Pleasure-Arousal-Dominance model
Copyright Information: © 2014 Krause and North; licensee Springer. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative CommonsAttribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in anymedium, provided the original work is properly credited.
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2020 01:11
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9501 Arts and Leisure > 950101 Music @ 40%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 60%
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