Aid and the control of tuberculosis in Papua New Guinea: is Australia's assistance cost-effective?

Nguyen, Hoa-Thi-Minh, Kompas, Tom, and Hickson, Roslyn I. (2014) Aid and the control of tuberculosis in Papua New Guinea: is Australia's assistance cost-effective? Asia & The Pacific Policy Studies, 1 (2). pp. 364-378.

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Abstract

Australia supports the control of tuberculosis in Papua New Guinea for reasons of aid effectiveness and a desire to decrease the chance of importing tuberculosis to Australia. This paper analyses the case for this support using both cost-utility and cost-benefit analysis. We reach three conclusions. First, Australia directly benefits from its investment in controlling tuberculosis in Papua New Guinea, with a cost of $US 13 million (in 2012 prices) over 10 years earning a net present value of $US 22 million. Second, the longer and more extensive the basic directly observed short course therapy, or basic DOTS, to control tuberculosis, the higher are the returns for Australia. Finally, in addition to surpassing all commonly used benchmarks for being a cost-effective investment for Australia, a basic DOTS expansion also generates a health benefit for Papua New Guinea that compares well as one of the 'ten best health buys' in developing countries.

Item ID: 64149
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2050-2680
Keywords: tuberculosis; DOTS; Papua New Guinea; aid
Copyright Information: © 2014 The Authors. Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies published by Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd and Crawford School of Public Policy at The Australian National University. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2020 04:47
FoR Codes: 01 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES > 0102 Applied Mathematics > 010202 Biological Mathematics @ 10%
14 ECONOMICS > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics @ 60%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 30%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920404 Disease Distribution and Transmission (incl. Surveillance and Response) @ 90%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970114 Expanding Knowledge in Economics @ 10%
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