Not all promotion is good promotion: the pitfalls of over-exaggerated claims and controlling language in exercise messaging

Dimmock, James, Simich, David, Budden, Timothy, Podlog, Leslie, Beauchamp, Mark, and Jackson, Ben (2020) Not all promotion is good promotion: the pitfalls of over-exaggerated claims and controlling language in exercise messaging. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 42 (1). pp. 1-14.

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Abstract

Across 2 studies, the authors explored reactance effects to overexaggerated claims and controlling language in exercise messaging. In Study 1, participants received either a message exaggerating the benefits of an upcoming exercise session or no message. They subsequently undertook a mundane exercise session led by an instructor, which was either need supportive or "realistically controlling." Relative to no-message participants, those who had read the message reported less positive evaluations of the session. These results were observed despite participants in the message condition holding more positive presession expectations, and the effect was apparent even for those who received need-supportive instruction. In Study 2, participants read an advertisement that was written in either autonomy-supportive language or controlling language. Despite reporting comparable expectations, participants who received a controlling-language message reported significantly greater anger and freedom threat-factors commonly linked to contrast effects. These studies highlight the operation of message-driven contrast effects in exercise.

Item ID: 63980
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1543-2904
Keywords: intrinsic motivation; persuasion; physical activity; placebo; reactance
Copyright Information: © 2020 Human Kinetics, Inc.
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2020 04:14
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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