Parasites and coral-associated invertebrates that impact coral health

Barton, Jonathan A., Bourne, David G., Humphrey, Craig, and Hutson, Kate S. (2020) Parasites and coral-associated invertebrates that impact coral health. Reviews in Aquaculture, 12 (4). pp. 2284-2303.

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View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1111/raq.12434
 
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Abstract

Globally coral reefs are in decline, largely driven by local anthropogenic pressures combined with broader cumulative impacts from climate change. Coral aquaculture will play an important role in active reef restoration and attempts to preserve some semblance of coral reefs in highly impacted areas. Achieving maximum growth and survivorship of cultured corals is necessary to achieve optimal results. This is not possible without the study of coral pests and diseases which can be detrimental to coral health. Here we review the complex relationships between corals and their associated symbiotic organisms, identify invertebrates that may harm the corals and suggest known management techniques in captivity. Groups considered included acoels (Xenacoelomorpha: Acoela), digeneans (Trematoda: Digenea), polyclads (Rhabditophora: Polycladida), gastropods (Mollusca: Gastropoda), decapods (Malacostraca: Decapoda), copepods (Hexanauplia: Copepoda) and pyrgomatids (Cirripedia: Pyrgomatidae). There are few empirically validated management techniques for coral pests, particularly in terms of large-scale aquaculture, emphasizing the need for further directed research in this area. Information generated through the ornamental trade and hobbyists is valuable to inform future research direction targeted towards captive coral husbandry, reef ecosystem management and restoration strategies.

Item ID: 63380
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1753-5131
Keywords: coral aquaculture, ornamental trade, pest management, reef restoration, symbiosis
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Copyright Information: © 2020 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.
Additional Information:

A version of this publication was included as Chapter 2 of the following PhD thesis: Barton, Jonathan (2020) Mitigating the impact of the Acropora-eating flatworm, Prosthiostomum acroporae on captive Acropora coral colonies. PhD thesis, James Cook University, which is available Open Access in ResearchOnline@JCU. Please see the Related URLs for access.

Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2020 07:42
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3199 Other biological sciences > 319999 Other biological sciences not elsewhere classified @ 50%
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4199 Other environmental sciences > 419999 Other environmental sciences not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9604 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species > 960499 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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