Work-life balance: definitions, causes, and consequences

Brough, Paula, Timms, Carolyn, Chan, Xi Wen, Hawkes, Amy, and Rasmussen, Laura (2020) Work-life balance: definitions, causes, and consequences. In: Theorell, Töres, (ed.) Socioeconomic Determinents of Occupational Health: from a macro-level to micro-level evidence. Handbook Series of Occupational Health Sciences . Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, pp. 2-15.

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This chapter reviews the multiple definitions of work–life balance, including definitions focused on the equity of time spent in the work and non-work domains, satisfaction with performance/time spent in each domain, and the salience of each role for an individual. There is a general consensus that a preferred definition should focus on work–life rather than work-family, in order to include non-family responsibilities and demands, such as study or travel commitments. The chapter also discusses the common antecedents and consequences of work–life balance arising from both work and non-work domains. These include work demands and resources, family demands and resources, and personality antecedents including evidence associating psychological capital constructs with work–life balance. Finally, this chapter considers the future directions for work–life balance research, focusing on technological advancements (e.g., Fitbits) and individual levels of mindfulness and resilience. The chapter concludes by noting the increasing evidence linking employee appointments and retention with an organization’s positive work–life balance culture.

Item ID: 63363
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-3-030-31439-2
ISSN: 2730-7409
Keywords: Work-Life Balance; Psychological Health
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Copyright Information: © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2021 01:53
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5205 Social and personality psychology > 520505 Social psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 100%
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