Globalisation and cultural change in Pacific Island countries: the role of tourism

Tolkach, Denis, and Pratt, Stephen (2021) Globalisation and cultural change in Pacific Island countries: the role of tourism. Tourism Geographies, 23 (3). pp. 371-396.

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Globalisation is often perceived as a threat to the preservation of traditional cultures. There are various approaches to understanding the impact of globalisation on culture. Pieterse’s three paradigms of globalisation and culture, clash of civilisations, McDonaldisation and hybridisation, provide a useful theoretical foundation for understanding how tourism impacts culture. The three paradigms of globalisation assess cultural change holistically. Cultural change in Pacific Island countries (PIC) due to globalisation, especially tourism’s role, in this change, is the focus. Data are sourced via interviews with various tourism stakeholders from Fiji, Tonga and Cook Islands. Tourism is only one driver of cultural change. Other forces include mobilities, migration, diaspora, geopolitical change, technology and popular culture. Examples of the clash of civilisations paradigm include geopolitical changes resulting in different tourism markets and the imitation effect from diaspora and tourists. Commodification of cultural performance for both tourist and local consumption and use of popular culture, for example the animated film Moana, are viewed as McDonaldisation of culture. Participants’ reflections on ongoing evolution of culture including the integration of PIC into the world economy, through increased mobilities and technologies, exemplify hybridisation. In general, the three PIC are found to be culturally resilient. Culture of these PIC is resilient with Pacific Islanders maintaining agency over change, however the impact of various globalisation factors demand effort in preserving culture in the long term.

Item ID: 63287
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1470-1340
Keywords: Pacific Island states, culture, globalisation: hybridisation, McDonaldisation, Glocalisation, socio-cultural
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Copyright Information: © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2020 19:25
FoR Codes: 35 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 3508 Tourism > 350801 Impacts of tourism @ 40%
35 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 3508 Tourism > 350805 Tourism resource appraisal @ 30%
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4406 Human geography > 440608 Recreation, leisure and tourism geography @ 30%
SEO Codes: 90 COMMERCIAL SERVICES AND TOURISM > 9003 Tourism > 900302 Socio-Cultural Issues in Tourism @ 70%
95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9503 Heritage > 950306 Conserving Pacific Peoples Heritage @ 30%
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