Collateral damage? Small-scale fisheries in the global fight against IUU fishing

Song, Andrew M., Scholtens, Joeri, Barclay, Kate, Bush, Simon R., Fabinyi, Michael, Adhuri, Dedi S., and Haughton, Milton (2020) Collateral damage? Small-scale fisheries in the global fight against IUU fishing. Fish and Fisheries, 21 (4). pp. 831-843.

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Abstract

Concern over illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing has led to a number of policy, trade and surveillance measures. While much attention has been given to the impact of IUU regulation on industrial fleets, recognition of the distinct impacts on small-scale fisheries is conspicuously lacking from the policy and research debate. In this paper, we outline three ways in which the application of IUU discourse and regulation undermines small-scale fisheries. First, the mainstream construction of "illegal," "unreported" and "unregulated" fishing, and also the categorical use of "IUU" in an all-inclusive sense, disregards the diversity, legitimacy and sustainability of small-scale fisheries practices and their governing systems. Second, we explore how the recent trade-related measures to counter IUU fishing mask and reinforce existing inequalities between different sectors and countries, creating an unfair burden on small-scale fisheries and countries who depend on them. Third, as IUU fishing is increasingly approached as "organized crime," there is a risk of inappropriately targeting small-scale fisheries, at times violently. Reflecting on these three trends, we propose three strategies by which a more sensitive and ultimately more equitable incorporation of small-scale fisheries can be supported in the global fight against IUU fishing.

Item ID: 63083
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1467-2979
Keywords: catch certification, developing countries, fisheries governance, maritime security, organized crime, seafood trade
Copyright Information: © 2020 The Authors. Fish and Fisheries published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NOSR), Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC)
Projects and Grants: ARC Grant Number: DE200100712, ARC Grant Number: DP180100965, NOSR Grant Number: W08.250.303, CGIAR Research Program on Fish Agri‐Food Systems (FISH), SSHRC Grant Number: 895‐2011‐1011
Date Deposited: 13 May 2020 07:46
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1802 Coastal and estuarine systems and management > 180201 Assessment and management of coastal and estuarine ecosystems @ 100%
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