Influence of the parental educational level on physical activity in schoolchildren

Muñoz-Galiano, Inés M., Connor, Jonathan D., Gomez Ruano, Miguel A., and Torres-Luque, Gema (2020) Influence of the parental educational level on physical activity in schoolchildren. Sustainability, 12. 3920.

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The factors influencing physical activity participation in children are varied, although there is evidence that the educational level of parents may be one important factor. The aim of this study is to analyze the influence of parental education on the level of physical activity and the sedentary behavior of their children. The parents of 727 students, separated based on school group (preschool: n = 179; primary: n = 284; secondary: n = 230; high: n = 34), were invited to complete a series of questionnaires assessing their educational level (low, intermediate, and high) and their child's level of physical activity and sedentary behavior. Primary school students with high- and intermediate-educated parents were found to engage in significantly more physical activity per week and spent more time engaged in homework than children with lower-educated parents. Secondary school students with higher-educated parents were found to spend significantly less time engaged in sedentary behavior than children with lower- or intermediate-educated parents, and high schoolers with higher-educated parents engaged in less tablet time than children with lower-educated parents. Multiple linear regression demonstrated that greater physical activity was precipitated by certain sedentary behaviors in children with more educated parents, such as total time watching TV (primary school), doing homework (secondary school), and total time using a tablet/similar (high school), which increased total time engaged in physical activity. These findings suggest that more educated parents may implement structured time for their children to engage in a balance of physical activity and sedentary behaviors.

Item ID: 63071
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2071-1050
Keywords: children; physical activity; sedentary behavior; family
Copyright Information: (C) 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open accessarticle distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution(CC BY) license (
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2020 00:41
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420603 Health promotion @ 10%
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520107 Sport and exercise psychology @ 10%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420703 Motor control @ 80%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920501 Child Health @ 50%
93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9301 Learner and Learning > 930103 Learner Development @ 50%
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