The influence of exercise and physical fitness status on attention: a systematic review

de Sousa, Arilson Fernandes M., Medeiros, André R., Del Rosso, Sebastian, Stults-Kolehmainen, Matthew, and Boullosa, Daniel A. (2019) The influence of exercise and physical fitness status on attention: a systematic review. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 12 (1). pp. 202-234.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1080/1750984X.2018.14...
20


Abstract

Background: Exercise helps many aspects of cognition, but at this time no review has summarized the literature on the association of exercise and physical fitness with attention. Method: A systematic search was conducted on PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus databases. After inclusion criteria assessment, a final pool of 44 articles was included. A number of behavioral and neurophysiological indices of attention were examined. Results: The majority of studies showed an increase in performance of attention. Acute exercise results in greater enhancement of attention in those who are active. There was an association of aerobic fitness and attention in the young and old, but not in young adults. Aerobic exercise training interventions generally resulted in positive changes, while some resistance training studies detected no evidence of an effect. Not all forms of exercise were effective. Shorter interventions were inferior with respect to longer ones. Most studies were rated with a moderate methodological quality. Conclusion: There is an association of aerobic exercise (acute and chronic) and aerobic fitness with attention. Future research should determine the dose and mechanisms by which different forms of physical activity and exercise may influence the development of different components of attention along the lifespan.

Item ID: 62020
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1750-9858
Keywords: Cognitive function, divided attention, physical training, selective attention, sustained attention
Copyright Information: © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Date Deposited: 25 May 2020 04:56
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5203 Clinical and health psychology > 520304 Health psychology @ 50%
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520107 Sport and exercise psychology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 100%
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page