Comparing intended, self-reported, and observed behavior of snorkelers in the Mombasa Marine Park and Reserve, Kenya

Den Haring, Sander D., and Sutton, Stephen G. (2019) Comparing intended, self-reported, and observed behavior of snorkelers in the Mombasa Marine Park and Reserve, Kenya. Tourism in Marine Environments, 14 (1-2). pp. 1-17.

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Recreational marine resource use is conducted by a varied group of visitors. Regardless of how minimal this resource use is, or what intentions these visitors have, potentially damaging contacts with these resources are unavoidable. Management authorities need a clear understanding of these contacts so that resource management can be conducted effectively. Traditional monitoring of visitors in the past has relied on self-reported behavior by visitors themselves. Self-reporting of behavior is not always accurate or reliable. This research article illustrates that even though recreational marine visitors (snorkelers) in the Mombasa Marine Park and Reserve had intentions to not disturb the reef when they snorkel and indicated having positive attitudes about not disturbing the reef when they snorkel, they still created contacts with the reef. Furthermore, their self-reported behavior did not correspond with their actual monitored behavior. Monitoring snorkeler behavior is time-consuming and is therefore paired with financial investment; however, this method is the most accurate method of gathering impact data to be used for management purposes. When accurate data on snorkelers' behavior is necessary, in-water behavior monitoring should be used rather than self-reports.

Item ID: 61982
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2169-0197
Keywords: Behavioral intention, Resource management, Self-reporting, Snorkeling
Copyright Information: Copyright of Tourism in Marine Environments is the property of Cognizant, LLC and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv withoutthe copyrightholder's express written permission. However, users may print,download, or email articles for individual use.
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2020 01:40
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3103 Ecology > 310305 Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology) @ 60%
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management @ 40%
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