“I deserve a treat”: exercise motivation as a predictor of post-exercise dietary licensing beliefs and implicit associations toward unhealthy snacks

West, Jessica, Guelfi, Kym J., Dimmock, James A., and Jackson, Ben (2017) “I deserve a treat”: exercise motivation as a predictor of post-exercise dietary licensing beliefs and implicit associations toward unhealthy snacks. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 32. pp. 93-101.

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Abstract

Objective To explore whether exercise motivation predicted two of the potential mechanisms that may explain why individuals engage in unhealthy compensatory snack consumption following exercise; specifically (a) post-exercise conscious licensing beliefs, and (b) post-exercise implicit attitudes toward unhealthy snacks. Design Observational study. Method One hundred and nineteen healthy participants completed a 40-min session of moderate intensity stationary cycling, and subsequently completed measures of explicit licensing and implicit associations toward unhealthy snack foods and drinks. Results Individuals driven by more controlled (relative to autonomous) forms of exercise motivation reported greater compensatory licensing beliefs (Est = −0.08, p < 0.001) even after accounting for a number of relevant covariates. No significant relationship emerged between exercise motivation and implicit associations toward unhealthy snacks (Est = 0.12, p = 0.81). Conclusion The findings demonstrate that exercise motivation may predict conscious licensing beliefs toward unhealthy snack foods and drinks post-exercise. Understanding the modifiable factors – such as exercise motivation – that predict post-exercise dietary beliefs is important for supporting individuals' weight loss and health goals.

Item ID: 61554
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1469-0292
Keywords: compensatory snacking, compensatory health belief, justification, nutrition, physical activity
Copyright Information: © 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2020 06:07
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology @ 50%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920411 Nutrition @ 50%
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