Considerations for maintaining family diversity in commercially mass-spawned penaeid shrimp: a case study on Penaeus monodon

Foote, Andrew, Simma, David, Khatkar, Mehar, Raadsma, Herman, Guppy, Jarrod, Coman, Gregory, Giardina, Erika, Jerry, Dean, Zenger, Kyall, and Wade, Nicholas (2019) Considerations for maintaining family diversity in commercially mass-spawned penaeid shrimp: a case study on Penaeus monodon. Frontiers in Genetics, 10. 1127.

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Skewed family distributions are common in aquaculture species that are highly fecund, communally (mass) spawned, and/or communally reared. The magnitude of skews pose challenges for maintaining family-specific genetic diversity, as increased resources are required to detect individuals from underrepresented families, or reliably determine relative survival as a measure of family performance. There is limited understanding of family skews or changes in family proportion of communally reared shrimp under commercial rearing conditions and particularly how this may affect genotyping strategies to recover family performance data in breeding programs. In this study, three separate batches of shrimp, Penaeus monodon, were communally spawned and reared, and then sampled as larvae when ponds were stocked at 30 days of culture (DOC) and as juveniles from commercial ponds during harvest at 150 DOC. A total of 199 broodstock contributed to the 5,734 progeny that were genotyped with a custom multiplex single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) panel, and family assignments were cross-referenced using two parentage assignment methods, CERVUS and COLONY. A total of 121 families were detected, with some families contributing up to 11% of progeny at 30 DOC and up to 18% of progeny at harvest. Significant changes were detected for 20% of families from 30 to 150 DOC, with up to a 9% change in relative contribution. Family skew data was applied in several models to determine the optimal sample size to detect families, along with the ability to detect changes in relative family contribution over time. Results showed that an order of magnitude increase in sampling was required to capture the lowest represented 25% of families, as well as significantly improve the accuracy to determine changes in family proportion from 30 to 150 DOC. Practical measures may be implemented at the hatchery to reduce family skews; a cost-effective measure may be to address the initial magnitude differences in viable progeny produced among families, by pooling equal quantities of hatched larvae from each family. This study demonstrates the relationships between skews in families under commercial conditions, the ability to accurately detect families, and the balance of sampling effort and genotyping cost in highly fecund species such as shrimp.

Item ID: 61449
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1664-8021
Keywords: selective breeding, family skewing, genetic diversity, parentage assignment, single nucleotide polymorphisms, mass spawners, penaeid shrimp
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2019 Foote, Simma, Khatkar, Raadsma, Guppy, Coman, Giardina, Jerry, Zenger and Wade. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC Industrial Transformation Research Program
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2020 02:23
FoR Codes: 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3005 Fisheries sciences > 300501 Aquaculture @ 50%
30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3005 Fisheries sciences > 300504 Fish physiology and genetics @ 50%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830101 Aquaculture Crustaceans (excl. Rock Lobster and Prawns) @ 100%
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