LA-ICP-MS trace element analysis of magnetite and pyrite from the Hetaoping Fe-Zn-Pb skarn deposit in Baoshan block, SW China: implications for ore-forming processes

Chen, Fuchuan, Deng, Jun, Wang, Qingfei, Huizenga, Jan Marten, Li, Gongjian, and Gu, Youwei (2020) LA-ICP-MS trace element analysis of magnetite and pyrite from the Hetaoping Fe-Zn-Pb skarn deposit in Baoshan block, SW China: implications for ore-forming processes. Ore Geology Reviews, 117. 103309.

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The Hetaoping deposit is one of the largest Fe-Zn-Pb skarn deposit in SW China, which is characterized by Zn-Pb mineralization in the upper part and the Fe mineralization in the deeper part. The Fe mineralization is dominated by magnetite and pyrite. Magnetite can be subdivided into four types: primary banded magnetite samples in clinopyroxene-actinolite skarn (Mt-1), primary disseminated magnetite in garnet skarn (Mt-2), primary disseminated magnetite in clinopyroxene-actinolite skarn (Mt-3), and altered magnetite in clinopyroxene-actinolite skarn (Mt-4). Pyrite can be subdivided into three types: pyrite in oxide-ore stage (Py-1), pyrite in early sulfide ore stage (Py-2), and pyrite in late sulfide-ore stage (Py-3). The flat time-resolved signals of laser ablation inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) imply that trace elements exist mainly in the form of isomorphism in magnetite and pyrite with the exception some incompatible trace elements (e.g., Ca, K and Na in magnetite and Pb, Bi and Ag in pyrite). Trace element concentrations in magnetite and pyrite demonstrate that the ore-forming fluid in Hetaoping is of magmatic origin. Furthermore, compared to porphyry, IOCG, Kinuna and BIF type magnetite, the magnetite from Hetaoping has relatively low Ti, V and Ni concentrations but high Al, Mn and Ca concentrations, implying a typical skarn genesis. The variation of Ti concentrations in magnetite is an indication of the formation temperature and shows that banded magnetite (Mt-1) precipitated in a relatively high-temperature environment compared with disseminated magnetite (Mt-2 and Mt-3). Compared to Mt-1 and Mt-3, Mt-2 has a higher Si, Al, and W contents and a lower Mg and Mn contents. The Mn content increases from Py-1 to Py-2, and decreases from Py-2 to Py-3, suggesting that the fluid-rock interaction increased from the oxide-ore stage to the sulfide-ore stage, and decreased from sulfide-ore stage to post-ore stage. The variation of the V concentration in magnetite grains indicates a relatively higher oxygen fugacity of Mt-2 compared to Mt-1 and Mt-3, implying that the oxygen fugacity of the ore-forming fluid in the garnet skarn zone is higher than that in clinopyroxene-actinolite skarn zone. The variable oxygen fugacity probably caused spatial zoning of mineralization in Hetaoping Fe-Zn-Pb skarn deposit. The temperature and oxygen fugacity of the ore-forming fluid, and the extent of fluid-rock interaction, controlled the temporal order and spatial zonation of magnetite and sulfide precipitation, which led to the formation of the Hetaoping Fe-Zn-Pb skarn deposit.

Item ID: 61400
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-7360
Keywords: Trace element; Magnetite; Pyrite; Hetaoping skarn deposit; Baoshan block
Copyright Information: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Funders: National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC), National Key Basic Research Development Program (NKBRDP), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (CPDSF), China Geological Survey (CGS)
Projects and Grants: NNSFC 41902070, NKBRDP 2015CB452606, CPDRF 2019M650786, CGS DD20160346
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2020 02:52
FoR Codes: 37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3703 Geochemistry > 370301 Exploration geochemistry @ 40%
37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3703 Geochemistry > 370399 Geochemistry not elsewhere classified @ 60%
SEO Codes: 84 MINERAL RESOURCES (excl. Energy Resources) > 8401 Mineral Exploration > 840199 Mineral Exploration not elsewhere classified @ 30%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 70%
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