The theory of work adjustment: seeking and maintaining satisfaction and satisfactoriness

Woodend, Jon (2019) The theory of work adjustment: seeking and maintaining satisfaction and satisfactoriness. In: Arthur, Nancy, Neault, Roberta, and McMahon, Mary, (eds.) Career Theories and Models at Work: ideas for practice. CERIC, Toronto, ON, Canada, pp. 453-462.

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Abstract

The theory of work adjustment (TWA; Dawis & Lofquist, 1984) evolved from trait-and- factor counselling, which sought to describe individuals’ occupational decision-making. Like other trait-and-factor theories, the aim of TWA was to predict the fit between individuals and their work environments. TWA differed from other trait-and-factor theories, such as Holland’s theory of vocational personalities and work environments, in extending beyond a static career choice and considering career trajectories (Betz, 2008). Specifically, TWA emphasized correspondence in the reciprocal relationship between individuals and their work environments (Bizot, 1993). This emphasis was an important development within vocational psychology as it acknowledged that individuals and their work environments continuously act on and respond to each other to influence individuals’ career trajectories (Juntunen & Even, 2012). This chapter presents an outline of TWA’s foundational concepts, a case vignette that illustrates the application of those concepts, and key practice points to help practitioners use TWA with their clients.

Item ID: 61174
Item Type: Book Chapter (Scholarly Work)
ISBN: 978-1-988066-34-9
Date Deposited: 24 Dec 2019 01:02
FoR Codes: 13 EDUCATION > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education > 130305 Educational Counselling @ 50%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 94 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 9401 Community Service (excl. Work) > 940109 Employment Services @ 50%
94 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 9405 Work and Institutional Development > 940501 Employment Patterns and Change @ 50%
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