Classifiers in Hmong

White, Nathan M. (2019) Classifiers in Hmong. In: Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y., and Mihas, Elena, (eds.) Genders and Classifiers: A Cross-Linguistic Typology. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 222-248.

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Abstract

Building on research done by Riddle (1989) and Bisang (1993), inter alia, this chapter seeks to provide a more thorough account of the classifier system of the two varieties of Laotian Hmong (Hmong-Mien, Laos and diaspora), White Hmong and Green Mong. In Hmong, classifiers are an open class, belonging to one of six semantic varieties, including locational. While most classifiers function as multiple classifiers, covering the roles of noun classifier, numeral classifier, possessed classifier, and deictic classifier, some individual classifiers may permit only a subset of these. Classifiers not only serve multiple functions related to syntax and discourse, including to indicate emphasis, selection of a subgroup, and apportioning of objects, but also participate in four-syllable elaborate expressions subject to specific rules, as well as display distinct behaviour in certain narrative contexts that represent special exceptions to Bisang’s (1993) hierarchy of definiteness for Hmong.

Item ID: 60954
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-19-884201-9
Keywords: White Hmong, Green Mong, Hmong-Mien, numeral classifier, noun classifier, possessed classifier
Copyright Information: © Nathan M. White 2019. First published in 2019 by Oxford University Press.
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2019 04:54
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9502 Communication > 950202 Languages and Literacy @ 100%
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