Damsels in distress: oil exposure modifies behavior and olfaction in bicolor damselfish (Stegastes partitus)

Schlenker, Lela S., Welch, Megan J., Meredith, Tricia L., Mager, Edward M., Lari, Ebrahim, Babcock, Elizabeth A., Pyle, Greg G., Munday, Philip L., and Grosell, Martin (2019) Damsels in distress: oil exposure modifies behavior and olfaction in bicolor damselfish (Stegastes partitus). Environmental Science and Technology, 53 (18). pp. 10993-11001.

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Abstract

In fishes, olfactory cues evoke behavioral responses that are crucial to survival; however, the receptors, olfactory sensory neurons, are directly exposed to the environment and are susceptible to damage from aquatic contaminants. In 2010, 4.9 million barrels of crude oil were released into the northern Gulf of Mexico from the Deepwater Horizon disaster, exposing marine organisms to this environmental contaminant. We examined the ability of bicolor damselfish (Stegastes partitus), exposed to the water accommodated fraction (WAF) of crude oil, to respond to chemical alarm cue (CAC) using a two-channel flume. Control bicolor damselfish avoided CAC in the flume choice test, whereas WAF-exposed conspecifics did not. This lack of avoidance persisted following 8 days of control water conditions. We then examined the physiological response to CAC, brine shrimp rinse, bile salt, and amino acid cues using the electro-olfactogram (EOG) technique and found that WAF-exposed bicolor damselfish were less likely to detect CAC as an olfactory cue but showed no difference in EOG amplitude or duration compared to controls. These data indicate that a sublethal WAF exposure directly modifies detection and avoidance of CAC beyond the exposure period and may suggest reduced predator avoidance behavior in oil-exposed fish in the wild.

Item ID: 60868
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1520-5851
Keywords: Seawater, Lipids, Animal derived food, Electrodes, Petrochemicals
Copyright Information: © 2019 American Chemical Society.
Funders: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GoMRI)
Projects and Grants: GoMRI Grant No. SA-1520
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2019 07:49
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050101 Ecological Impacts of Climate Change @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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