Study of methane steam reforming kinetics in operating solid oxide fuel cells: influence of current density

Fan, L., van Biert, L., Thallam Thattai, A., Verkooijen, A.H.M., and Aravind, P.V. (2015) Study of methane steam reforming kinetics in operating solid oxide fuel cells: influence of current density. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40 (15). pp. 5150-5159.

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SOFCs are often designed to operate with specific fuels, quite often natural gas. CFD modeling is often used to arrive at efficient and safe SOFC designs. Therefore, when an SOFC is fed with different fuels, i.e., biosyngas, CFD can be used as a tool to predict whether the cell and stack will be safe and operate efficiently, and thus can give suggestions for the operation strategies for SOFCs. For that reason, a combined mass and heat transport model of an SOFC (single channel) has been developed for an anode-supported SOFC fed with biosyngas with special attention to the reaction kinetics of the direct internal reforming (DIR) reaction together with the water–gas shift reaction. An SOFC design jointly developed by ECN and Delft University of Technology is employed for the calculations. This work aims to predict the influence of different reforming reaction kinetic parameters on the cell performance by using an anode-supported intermediate temperature DIR planar solid oxide fuel single channel model, under co-flow operation. The DIR reaction of methane, the water–gas shift reaction and the electrochemical oxidation of hydrogen are being considered. As different reaction kinetic models are available in literature and employing them in CFD calculations will yield different results, a comparative analysis is carried out. Several cases were studied with a variety of DIR and water gas shift reaction kinetic parameters available from literature. For the different cases considered, the modeling results show differences in the current density distribution and temperature profile in the channel and in gas concentration profile along the channel. These differences are presented and discussed in detail. Predictions of the behaviors of internal reforming reaction in the reaction zone, and the possibilities of unwanted side reactions such as carbon deposition and Ni oxidation are given with constructive suggestions for future lab experiments.

Item ID: 60818
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1879-3487
Keywords: SOFC; Reforming; Ni-GDC; Operating cell; Activation energy; Current density
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Copyright Information: © 2015, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Funders: China Scholarship Council (CRC)
Research Data:
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2019 03:30
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090402 Catalytic Process Engineering @ 40%
09 ENGINEERING > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091201 Ceramics @ 30%
09 ENGINEERING > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091307 Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation @ 30%
SEO Codes: 85 ENERGY > 8504 Energy Transformation > 850404 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells @ 50%
85 ENERGY > 8503 Preparation and Production of Energy Sources > 850303 Hydrogen Production from Renewable Energy @ 50%
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