Ingress-egress analysis for passenger vehicle design through digital human modelling

Andreoni, Giuseppe, and Paul, Gunther (2019) Ingress-egress analysis for passenger vehicle design through digital human modelling. In: Scataglini, Sofia, and Paul, Gunther, (eds.) DHM and Posturography. Academic Press, London, UK, pp. 415-424.

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The first interactive user experience with a car is ingress, or entering the vehicle. The last interactive experience is egress, exiting and locking a vehicle. These simple and even obvious events have been sometimes underestimated from the ergonomic and design point of view, resulting in a poor design. Often esthetics rather than functionality and ergonomics has driven the design process. Experimental analysis and digital human modeling (DHM) have faced this important issue in the last 20 years with advanced technologies and methodologies to provide reference design solutions and methods for designing an accessible and comfortable doorway. Several human characteristic parameters and variables can influence this task: anthropometry, age, gender (and related factors, such as hairdo or garments), motor capabilities, temporary conditions (fatigue, vision etc.), and acquired personal preferences; moreover, a range of external factors directly influence this task. Therefore, its modeling and analysis results in a great variability and is thus difficult in principle. DHM is becoming an essential tool for proactive ergonomics, by providing comprehensive simulation and representation solutions to study how the different variables could affect a doorway design. This chapter aims at providing an overview of recent findings for analyzing car ingress–egress movements, the related methods and experimental setups, DHM experiences and tools, and the resulting recommendations for the design.

Item ID: 60735
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-12-816713-7
Keywords: DHM; ergonomic design factors; ergonomic simulation; ingress–egress; proactive ergonomics; vehicle package
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Copyright Information: © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2020 04:23
FoR Codes: 46 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 4602 Artificial intelligence > 460207 Modelling and simulation @ 34%
46 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 4607 Graphics, augmented reality and games > 460708 Virtual and mixed reality @ 33%
46 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 4609 Information systems > 460910 Information systems user experience design and development @ 33%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920504 Occupational Health @ 50%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970108 Expanding Knowledge in the Information and Computing Sciences @ 50%
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