Butterfly diversity and silvicultural practice in lowland rainforests of Cameroon

Stork, N.E., Srivastava, D.S., Watt, A.D., and Larsen, T.B. (2003) Butterfly diversity and silvicultural practice in lowland rainforests of Cameroon. Biodiversity and Conservation, 12 (3). pp. 387-410.

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Butterfly diversity and abundance were sampled across eight 1-ha silvicultural treatment plots in southern Cameroon. The plotsincluded a cleared and unplanted farm fallow, cleared and replanted forestplots, and uncleared forest plots. The replanted plots were line-planted withTerminalia ivorensis, but differed in the degree and methodof clearance. A total of 205 species of butterflies were collected over twodifferent seasons. Several sampling methods were used, including hand collecting andbaited canopy traps. Sites with the greatest degree of disturbance andlowest level of tree cover had the lowest number of individuals and species ofbutterflies. The farm fallow had substantially fewer individuals and species ofbutterflies than the other plots. The replanted plots were intermediate betweenthe farm fallow and uncleared forest in terms of abundance, richness andcomposition. With all three forms of multivariate analysis (Morisita similarityindex clustering, detrended correspondence analysis and two-way indicatorspecies analysis) largest differences were found between the farm fallow anduncleared forest plots. The butterfly fauna of the uncleared forest more closelyapproximated that of the manually cleared plot than that of the mechanicallycleared plot. We found that although, in general, young replanted forest plotsare a poor substitute for native forest, they do provide habitat for some forestspecies and that this may increase over time as the plots mature.

Item ID: 6009
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1572-9710
Keywords: butterflies; Cameroon; silvicultural practice; tropical forests
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2010 04:10
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060808 Invertebrate Biology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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