Anisakis nematodes in fish and shellfish- from infection to allergies

Aibinu, Ibukun E., Smooker, Peter M., and Lopata, Andreas L. (2019) Anisakis nematodes in fish and shellfish- from infection to allergies. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, 9. pp. 384-393.

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Abstract

Anisakidosis is a zoonotic parasitosis induced by members of the family Anisakidae. The anisakid genera includes Anisakis, Pseudoterranova, Hysterothylacium and Contracaecum. The final definitive hosts of these nematodes are marine mammals with a complex life cycle. These nematode parasites use different crustaceans and fish species as intermediate or paratenic hosts and humans are accidental hosts. Human anisakiasis, the infections caused by members of the genus Anisakis, occurs, when seafoods, particularly fish, contaminated with the infective stage (third stage larvae [L3]) of this parasite, are consumed. Pseudoterranovosis, on the other hand is induced by members of the genus Pseudoterranova. These two genera of anisakids have been implicated in human disease globally. There is a rise in reports of gastro-intestinal infections accompanied by allergic reactions caused by Anisakis simplex and Anisakis pegreffii. This review provides an update on current knowledge on Anisakis as a food-borne parasite with special focus on the increasingly reported diversity of fish and crustacean hosts, allergens and immunological cross-reactivity with invertebrate proteins rendering this parasite a significant public health issue.

Item ID: 60042
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2213-2244
Keywords: Anisakis, Fish hosts, Crustacean hosts, Shellfish, Anisakiasis, Anisakis allergy, Cross-reactivity, Zoonotic, Food-borne parasite
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC FT110100635
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2019 07:36
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology > 060109 Proteomics and Intermolecular Interactions (excl Medical Proteomics) @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110701 Allergy @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920406 Food Safety @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy @ 50%
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