Global environmental governance for conserving migratory shorebirds in the Asia-Pacific

Gallo-Cajiao, Eduardo, Morrison, Tiffany H., Fidelman, Pedro, Kark, Salit, and Fuller, Richard A. (2019) Global environmental governance for conserving migratory shorebirds in the Asia-Pacific. Regional Environmental Change, 19 (4). pp. 1113-1129.

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Abstract

Understanding the sets of co-existing institutional arrangements and the role of different actors for transboundary conservation is not only paramount for migratory species survival but also for studying the transformation of international politics. We analyze the global environmental governance architecture for conserving migratory shorebirds in the Asia-Pacific. We ask, (i) how has the architecture emerged in relation to levels of governance, type of actors, formality, and topology?; and (ii) how does the topology and agency of actors vary across the architecture when accounting for different threats to these species (i.e., habitat loss and hunting)? We use a mixed method approach, based on qualitative data and quantitative network analysis, to characterize and examine the architecture, thereby extending the precision of singular approaches. We find that 28 institutional arrangements, involving 57 state and non-state actors, have emerged since the 1970s. The resulting architecture conforms to concepts and symptoms of institutional complexity, alternately exhibiting characteristics of a regime complex, fragmented governance, and polycentrism. Our results indicate increased interactions of actors across sectors of society and levels of governance, but do not support notions of state retreat and diffusion of power away from the nation-state. Instead, we show that actors beyond the nation-state have emerged as a complement to a nation state-centered architecture. Moreover, when we consider the subset of institutional arrangements for habitat conservation and hunting management separately, hunting management emerges as the exclusive domain of the nation-state. It remains unclear whether this difference is driven by differences in property rights or other sets of drivers.

Item ID: 60005
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1436-378X
Keywords: agency; East Asian-Australasian flyway; global environmental governance; institutional complexity; migratory species; shorebirds
Copyright Information: © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019
Funders: ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, Australian Government Department of the Environment, Australian Government Department of Education and Training (Dept Ed), The University of Queensland, BirdLife Australia, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, High Meadows Foundation
Projects and Grants: Endeavour Research Fellowship (Dept Ed), Professor Allan Krest Research Award (BirdLife Australia)
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2019 07:44
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1606 Political Science > 160607 International Relations @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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