Well-being outcomes of marine protected areas

Ban, Natalie C., Gurney, Georgina Grace, Marshall, Nadine A., Whitney, Charlotte K., Mills, Morena, Gelcich, Stefan, Bennett, Nathan J., Meehan, Mairi C., Butler, Caroline, Ban, Stephen, Tran, Tanya C., Cox, Michael E., and Breslow, Sara Jo (2019) Well-being outcomes of marine protected areas. Nature Sustainability, 2. pp. 524-532.

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Abstract

Marine protected areas are advocated as a key strategy for simultaneously protecting marine biodiversity and supporting coastal livelihoods, but their implementation can be challenging for numerous reasons, including perceived negative effects on human well-being. We synthesized research from 118 peer-reviewed articles that analyse outcomes related to marine protected areas on people, and found that half of documented well-being outcomes were positive and about one-third were negative. No-take, well-enforced and old marine protected areas had positive human well-being outcomes, which aligns with most findings from ecological studies. Marine protected areas with single zones had more positive effects on human well-being than areas with multiple zones. Most studies focused on economic and governance aspects of well-being, leaving social, health and cultural domains understudied. Well-being outcomes arose from direct effects of marine protected area governance processes or management actions and from indirect effects mediated by changes in the ecosystem. Our findings illustrate that both human well-being and biodiversity conservation can be improved through marine protected areas, yet negative impacts commonly co-occur with benefits.

Item ID: 59925
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2398-9629
Funders: University of Victoria, OceanCanada (OC), Australian Research Council (ARC), National Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC)
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2019 02:55
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160802 Environmental Sociology @ 34%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1605 Policy and Administration > 160507 Environment Policy @ 33%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160801 Applied Sociology, Program Evaluation and Social Impact Assessment @ 33%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960701 Coastal and Marine Management Policy @ 100%
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