Design and evaluation of a novel professional identity development program for pharmacy students

Mylrea, Martina F., Sen Gupta, Tarun, and Glass, Beverley D. (2019) Design and evaluation of a novel professional identity development program for pharmacy students. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 83 (6). 6842. pp. 1320-1327.

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Objective: The purpose of this study was to design and evaluate a Professional Identity Program (PIP), based on Self-determination theory (SDT), for commencing pharmacy students.

Methods: The PIP, featuring autonomy-supportive teaching approaches, was delivered as ten workshops, integrated into the existing pharmacy course structure over four, six-month semesters (2 years). The program was evaluated using a student satisfaction survey and two previously validated tools, measuring professional identity (MCPIS-9) and motivation to study pharmacy (Pharm-S). Non-parametric statistical techniques were used to analyze group scores before and after the PIP. Baseline data were collected by surveying a cohort of commencing students, who would not receive the PIP.

Results: Scores on the motivation-based tool (Pharm-S) increased between the end of the first and second year of participation in the PIP, indicating an increase in student autonomy levels. There was however no change in scores on the professional identity measure (MCPIS-9). This suggests that while student perceived professional identity remains unchanged, the underlying motivation regulators governing identity formation are transitioning to a more autonomous state, which is increasingly intrinsic in nature.

Conclusion: Students responded positively to the introduction of the PIP into their program of study. They valued opportunities to engage in activities and discussions relating to professional development and identity formation. The use of SDT-based instruction in professional identity education, facilitated increased autonomy levels in pharmacy students, with the potential to impact positively on their individual professional identity development and future professional practice.

Item ID: 58908
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1553-6467
Keywords: professional identity, self-determination theory, pharmacy education, health professionals, motivation
Copyright Information: © 2019 American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2021 04:55
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3214 Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences > 321403 Clinical pharmacy and pharmacy practice @ 50%
39 EDUCATION > 3901 Curriculum and pedagogy > 390102 Curriculum and pedagogy theory and development @ 50%
SEO Codes: 93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9303 Curriculum > 930302 Syllabus and Curriculum Development @ 100%
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