Zircon trace elements and magma fertility: insights from porphyry (-skarn) Mo deposits in NE China

Shu, Qihai, Chang, Zhaoshan, Lai, Yong, Hu, Xinlu, Wu, Huaying, Zhang, Yong, Wang, Pin, Zhai, Degao, and Zhang, Cheng (2019) Zircon trace elements and magma fertility: insights from porphyry (-skarn) Mo deposits in NE China. Mineralium Deposita, 54 (5). pp. 645-656.

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Abstract

It has been widely accepted that magmas genetically linked to porphyry (-skarn) Cu (Mo) deposits are commonly oxidized. Recently, using laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) techniques, zircon Ce4+/Ce3+, Ce-N/Ce-N*, Eu-N/Eu-N*, and Ce/Nd ratios, and magma FMQ values (departure from the fayalite-magnetite-quartz oxygen buffer) based on zircon trace element compositions, have been used as proxies to quantify magma oxidation state. Here we present the zircon trace element compositions of 13 Mesozoic porphyry (-skarn) Mo deposits in NE China of various sizes to examine the relationship between magma Mo fertility and magma oxidation state. Generally, the studied deposits with >0.3Mt Mo have Ce4+/Ce3+>100, Ce-N/Ce-N* >100, Ce/Nd >10, and Eu-N/Eu-N* >0.3, whereas those containing <0.3Mt Mo have Ce4+/Ce3+<100, Ce-N/Ce-N* <100, Ce/Nd <10, and Eu-N/Eu-N* <0.3. The calculated magma FMQ values do not show significant correlation with metal tonnage, probably due to the large uncertainties of the estimated FMQ data. Among these proxies, Ce4+/Ce3+ and Ce-N/Ce-N* ratios show the strongest correlation with Mo tonnage, followed by Ce/Nd and Eu-N/Eu-N*. The above results confirm the previous proposal that zircon Ce and Eu anomalies can represent an intrusion's oxidation state and indicate that the Mo endowment of magmatic-hydrothermal deposits is positively correlated with the magma oxidation state. Compared with Mo-bearing intrusions, the trends for Cu-bearing intrusions are similar but are more complicated, especially for those deposits with >10Mt Cu. The findings in this study can be used to evaluate an intrusion's potential to produce Mo mineralization.

Item ID: 58421
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1432-1866
Keywords: Zircon trace elements, Ce and Eu anomalies, magma oxidation states, Mo deposits, NE China
Copyright Information: © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019
Funders: National Key Research and Development Program of China (NKRDP), National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSF), China University of Geosciences (CUG)
Date Deposited: 29 May 2019 07:43
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040307 Ore Deposit Petrology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 84 MINERAL RESOURCES (excl. Energy Resources) > 8401 Mineral Exploration > 840102 Copper Ore Exploration @ 30%
84 MINERAL RESOURCES (excl. Energy Resources) > 8401 Mineral Exploration > 840199 Mineral Exploration not elsewhere classified @ 70%
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