Effect of boron oxide addition on fibre drawing, mechanical properties and dissolution behaviour of phosphate-based glass fibres with fixed 40, 45 and 50 mol% P₂O₅

Sharmin, Nusrat, Parsons, Andrew J., Rudd, Chris D., and Ahmed, Ifty (2014) Effect of boron oxide addition on fibre drawing, mechanical properties and dissolution behaviour of phosphate-based glass fibres with fixed 40, 45 and 50 mol% P₂O₅. Journal of Biomaterials Applications, 29 (5). pp. 639-653.

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Abstract

Previous studies investigating manufacture of phosphate-based glass fibres from glasses fixed with P₂O₅ content less than 50 mol% showed that continuous manufacture without breakage was very difficult. In this study, nine phosphate-based glass formulations from the system P₂O₅-CaO-Na₂O-MgO-B₂O₃ were prepared with P₂O₅ contents fixed at 40, 45 and 50 mol%, where Na₂O was replaced by 5 and 10 mol% B₂O₃ and MgO and CaO were fixed to 24 and 16 mol% ,respectively. The effect of B₂O₃ addition on the fibre drawing, fibre mechanical properties and dissolution behaviour was investigated. It was found that addition of 5 and 10 mol% B₂O₃ enabled successful drawing of continuous fibres from glasses with phosphate (P₂O₅) contents fixed at 40, 45 and 50 mol%. The mechanical properties of the fibres were found to significantly increase with increasing B₂O3 content. The highest tensile strength (1200 130 MPa) was recorded for 45P₂O₅-16CaO-5Na₂O-24MgO-10B₂O₃ glass fibres. The fibres were annealed, and a comparison of the mechanical properties and mode of degradation of annealed and non-annealed fibres were investigated. A decrease in tensile strength and an increase in tensile modulus were observed for the annealed fibres. An assessment of the change in mechanical properties of both the annealed and non-annealed fibres was performed in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) at 37C for 28 and 60 days, respectively. Initial loss of mechanical properties due to annealing was found to be recovered with degradation. The B₂O₃-containing glass fibres were found to degrade at a much slower rate as compared to the non-B₂O₃-containing fibres. Both annealed and non-annealed fibres exhibited a peeling effect of the fibre’s outer layer during degradation.

Item ID: 58002
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1530-8022
Keywords: Phosphate glass fibres, fibre drawing, mechanical properties, annealing, dissolution behaviour
Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2014. This article is available Open Access under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (3.0).
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2019 09:23
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials @ 100%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8610 Ceramics, Glass and Industrial Mineral Products > 861005 Structural Glass and Glass Products @ 100%
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