Comparative equality and diversity: main findings and research gaps

Klarsfeld, Alain, Ng, Eddy S., Booysen, Lize, Christiansen, Liza Castro, and Kuvaas, Bård (2016) Comparative equality and diversity: main findings and research gaps. Cross Cultural & Strategic Management, 23 (3). pp. 394-412.

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Purpose - This is a special issue introduction on cross-cultural and comparative diversity management (DM). The purpose of this paper is to present five articles that explore and examine some of the complexities of equality and DM in various countries around the world.

Design/methodology/approach - In this introductory paper, the authors provide an overview and the current state of literature on comparative research on equality and diversity. The authors also gathered a list of indices that is helpful as secondary data for informing comparative and cross-national research in this domain.

Findings - To date, comparative work involving two or more countries is scarce with Canada/USA comparisons first appearing in the 1990s, followed by other groupings of countries a decade later. Existing comparative work has started to uncover the dialectics of voluntary and mandated action: both complement each other, although the order in which they appear vary from context to context. This work also acknowledges that there are varying degrees of intensity in the way that legislations may constrain employer action in encouraging a more diverse workforce, and that there is more than a binary choice between blind equality of rights (identity blind) and quota-based policies (affirmative action) available to decision makers.

Originality/value - The comparative nature of these papers allows the reader to compare and contrast the different approaches to the adoption and implementation of DM. The authors also draw attention to several areas in cross-cultural DM research that have been understudied and deserve attention.

Item ID: 57769
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2059-5794
Keywords: transnationalism, diversity management, comparative study, cross-cultural management, equality diversity and inclusion
Copyright Information: Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited 2016
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2019 11:07
FoR Codes: 35 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 3505 Human resources and industrial relations > 350503 Human resources management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 91 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 9104 Management and Productivity > 910402 Management @ 100%
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