Comparing apples to apples: a qualitative investigation of career mobility patterns across four generations

Lyons, Sean T., Schweitzer, Linda, Ng, Eddy S.W., and Kuron, Lisa K.J. (2012) Comparing apples to apples: a qualitative investigation of career mobility patterns across four generations. Career Development International, 17 (4). pp. 333-357.

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Abstract

Purpose - This study aims to compare the career patterns of Matures, Baby Boomers, Generation Xers and Millennials over the various stages of their careers to determine whether there have been notable shifts away from the "traditional" career model characterized by long-term linear, upward career movement, toward a "modern" career model characterized by increased job mobility, organizational mobility and multi-directional career movement.

Design/methodology/approach - The retrospective career accounts of 105 Canadians were gathered through review of resume information and semi-structured interviews. The job changes and organizational changes experienced by each respondent in each five-year career period (e.g. age 20-24, 25-29) and the direction of job changes (i.e. upward, downward, lateral or change of career track) were recorded. The generations were compared statistically on each of these measures through analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Findings - Significant inter-generational differences were observed on all variables of interest, but the differences were largely restricted to the age 20-24 and 30-34 career stages.

Research limitations/implications - The study relied on a small sample because of the qualitative nature of the data collection. The sample was also exclusively Canadian. The results should therefore be interpreted with care and the research should be replicated with different types of respondents and in different cultural contexts.

Practical implications - The research demonstrates to employers that the younger generations change jobs and employers at a greater rate than previous generations and that they are more willing to accept non-upward career moves. Recruiting and retaining young employees will therefore require a different approach than was used for previous generations.

Originality/value - The use of retrospective accounts allowed for the comparison of generations within various career stages. This overcomes a significant limitation of cross-sectional studies of generational phenomena by simultaneously considering life-cycle and generational cohort effects.

Item ID: 57751
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1758-6003
Keywords: generations, career patterns, career stages, new careers, career development, age groups, Canada
Copyright Information: Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited 2012
Funders: Social Sciences and Humanities Council of Canada
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2019 11:07
FoR Codes: 15 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 1503 Business and Management > 150305 Human Resources Management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 91 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 9104 Management and Productivity > 910402 Management @ 100%
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