Can bivalve babitat restoration improve degraded estuaries?

McLeod, Ian Michael, zu Ermgassen, Philine S.E., Gillies, Chris L., Hancock, Boze, and Humphries, Austin (2019) Can bivalve babitat restoration improve degraded estuaries? In: Wolanski, Eric, Day, John W., Elliott, Michael, and Ramachandran, Ramesh, (eds.) Coasts and Estuaries: the future. Elsevier, Oxford, UK, pp. 427-442.

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Abstract

Bivalve habitats have, until recent times, been generally overlooked as an important estuary habitat type. Historically, complex, three-dimensional habitats made up of dense aggregations of bivalves, their shells, associated species, and accumulated sediments were a dominant habitat type in temperate and subtropical estuaries around the world (Stenzel, 1971). These habitats were generally engineered by oyster (generally referred to as reefs) or mussel (generally referred to as beds) species. Until recent times these habitats were primarily managed as an important fisheries resource. Their historical extent and importance are difficult to estimate because bivalve habitats were often decimated before fisheries records were collected systematically, and there may be no remaining visible functioning bivalve habitats. Through the process of historical amnesia, or shifting baselines, successive generations of local people, and managers have grown accustomed to the new norm and have forgotten about the former abundant bivalve habitats.

Item ID: 57205
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-12-814003-1
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Copyright Information: Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 01:44
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 50%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960503 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Coastal and Estuarine Environments @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960802 Coastal and Estuarine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 50%
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