Relevance of organisational support on academics affective commitment and turnover intentions

Esop, Michael, and Timms, Carolyn (2019) Relevance of organisational support on academics affective commitment and turnover intentions. Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, 11 (1). pp. 118-128.

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Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide an indication as to the motivation of people to remain in academic positions where substantial economic inequity is present and more favourable alternative employment is possible. This is important for the retention of qualified academic staff in Papua New Guinea (PNG) and for the supply of well-educated workers in this developing country.

Design/methodology/approach: The authors surveyed 94 National (Indigenous) academic staff at a prominent PNG university for their perceptions of organisational justice and management support, with an aim determining if these variables were related to workers' affective commitment and intentions to turnover. The surveyed staff members are all employed on an inequitable basis in that their salaries and living conditions are inferior to those of equally qualified expatriate academic staff.

Findings: The research found that staff members' emotional connection (affective commitment) to their work was predicted by organisational support, whereas lack of organisational support predicted academic staff turnover. Practical implications: Universities must provide supportive environments to enable staff to remain focused and committed in order to maintain high morale and reduce turnover in academic staff

Originality/value: Previous research on this topic has emphasised the economic inequity faced by National academic staff members in PNG's high education institutions. The current research applies motivation theory to people experiencing this obvious inequity. It finds that an environment where workers experience management support and a sense of intrinsic reward can effectively influence their intention to remain at their place of work as well as their emotional connection to their institution and their students.

Item ID: 56972
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1758-1184
Keywords: organisational support, affective commitment, turnover intentions, motivation theory
Copyright Information: © Emerald Publishing Limited.
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2019 01:45
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520104 Industrial and organisational psychology (incl. human factors) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970113 Expanding Knowledge in Education @ 50%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 50%
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