Hot and bright: thermal and light environments for the culture of Oedogonium intermedium and the geographical limits for large-scale cultivation in Australia

Cole, Andrew, Praeger, Christina, Mannering, Thomas, de Nys, Rocky, and Magnusson, Marie (2018) Hot and bright: thermal and light environments for the culture of Oedogonium intermedium and the geographical limits for large-scale cultivation in Australia. Algal Research, 34 (2018). pp. 209-216.

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Abstract

The successful implementation of the intensive cultivation of freshwater macroalgae for bioremediation purposes relies on the consistent year-round uptake of nutrients, which is closely linked to the amount of biomass produced. This study examined how light and temperature influence the biomass productivity and photosynthetic efficiency of a tropical strain of the freshwater macroalga Oedogonium intermedium (Wittrock ex Hirn). We subsequently use this information to identify, at a coarse level, the locations within Australia that can provide a thermal and light environment that is conducive to the intensive year-round, production of this species. The optimal temperature range to cultivate O. intermedium is between 20 and 35 °C, and in general productivity increased with increasing photon flux within this temperature range. At temperatures outside of this optimal range O. intermedium still had positive growth when cultured at a constant temperature of as low as 15 °C and as high as 40 °C, but productivity was impaired, and these temperatures represent the minimum and maximum temperature thresholds for chronic exposure. At low temperatures, higher photon flux rates increased productivity, however, at higher temperatures (> 35 °C) a higher photon flux decreased productivity. These experimental insights have enabled us to identify, at a coarse level, locations within Australia that provide a suitable thermal and light environment for the year-round cultivation of O. intermedium. In general, latitudes of ≤25° provide a thermal and light environment that can maintain a high rate of biomass productivity year-round. In contrast, most locations at latitudes higher than 25° provide a suitable environment only during the summer months. During winter the combination of low temperatures and low solar irradiances will prevent the successful cultivation of this tropical strain. In these cooler locations alternative species of locally adapted, freshwater macroalgae should be identified and domesticated to ensure bioremediation outcomes are maintained at these lower latitudes.

Item ID: 55254
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2211-9264
Keywords: temperature; photon flux; bioremediation; large-scale cultivation; freshwater macroalgae; environmental tolerances
Funders: MBD Industries Research and Development Program for the Integrated Production of Macroalgae
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2018 00:18
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 50%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0607 Plant Biology > 060701 Phycology (incl Marine Grasses) @ 50%
SEO Codes: 82 PLANT PRODUCTION AND PLANT PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8202 Horticultural Crops > 820299 Horticultural Crops not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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