Vibrio Zinc-Metalloprotease causes photoinactivation of coral endosymbionts and coral tissue lesions

Sussman, Meir, Mieog, Jos C., Doyle, Jason R., Victor, Steven, Willis, Bette L., and Bourne, David G. (2009) Vibrio Zinc-Metalloprotease causes photoinactivation of coral endosymbionts and coral tissue lesions. PLoS ONE, 4 (2). p. 4511.

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Abstract

Background: Coral diseases are emerging as a serious threat to coral reefs worldwide. Of nine coral infectious diseases, whose pathogens have been characterized, six are caused by agents from the family Vibrionacae, raising questions as to their origin and role in coral disease aetiology. Methodology/Principal Findings: Here we report on a Vibrio zinc-metalloprotease causing rapid photoinactivation of susceptible Symbiodinium endosymbionts followed by lesions in coral tissue. Symbiodinium photosystem II inactivation was diagnosed by an imaging pulse amplitude modulation fluorometer in two bioassays, performed by exposing Symbiodinium cells and coral juveniles to non-inhibited and EDTA-inhibited supernatants derived from coral white syndrome pathogens. Conclusion/Significance: These findings demonstrate a common virulence factor from four phylogenetically related coral pathogens, suggesting that zinc-metalloproteases may play an important role in Vibrio pathogenicity in scleractinian corals.

Item ID: 5454
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1932-6203
Keywords: coral, disease, Vibrio, Zinc-Metalloprotease
Additional Information:

© 2009 Sussman et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2009 01:02
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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