A systematic review of factors that influence youths career choices – the role of culture

Akosah-Twumasi, Peter, Emeto, Theophilus I., Lindsay, Daniel, Tsey, Komla, and Malau-Aduli, Bunmi S. (2018) A systematic review of factors that influence youths career choices – the role of culture. Frontiers in Education, 3. 58.

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Good career planning leads to life fulfillment; however cultural heritage can conflict with youths' personal interests. This systematic review examined existing literature on factors that influence youths' career choices in both collectivist and individualistic cultural settings from around the globe with the aim of identifying knowledge gaps and providing direction for future research.

A systematic review strategy using the Joana Briggs Institute's format was conducted. The ERIC, PsychInfo, Scopus and Informit Platform databases were searched for articles published between January 1997 and May 2018.

A total of 30 articles were included in the review, findings revealed that youth from collectivist cultures were mainly influenced by family expectations, whereby higher career congruence with parents increased career confidence and self-efficacy. Personal interest was highlighted as the major factor that influenced career choice in individualistic settings, and the youth were more independent in their career decision making. Bicultural youth who were more acculturated to their host countries were more intrinsically motivated in their career decision making.

Further research is imperative to guide the understanding of parental influence and diversity, particularly for bicultural youths' career prospects and their ability to use the resources available in their new environments to attain meaningful future career goals.

Item ID: 54474
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2504-284X
Copyright Information: © 2018 Akosah-Twumasi, Emeto, Lindsay, Tsey and Malau-Aduli. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Funders: James Cook University
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2018 03:42
FoR Codes: 39 EDUCATION > 3903 Education systems > 390303 Higher education @ 50%
39 EDUCATION > 3904 Specialist studies in education > 390404 Educational counselling @ 50%
SEO Codes: 93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9301 Learner and Learning > 930103 Learner Development @ 20%
95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9599 Other Cultural Understanding > 959999 Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified @ 80%
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